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geography of canada

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The nearby, but less known Temagami Magnetic Anomaly has striking similarities to the Sudbury Basin. The nation’s “breadbasket” is known as the Great Plains! Canada’s national motto, A Mari usque ad Mare, or “ From Sea to Sea, ” captures the vastness of the nation, as the country quite literally stretches from the Pacific Ocean on its western coast to the … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This watershed irrigates the agriculturally important areas of inner British Columbia (such as the Okanagan and Kootenay valleys), and is used to produce hydroelectricity. Geography Now! Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. Canada is currently warming at twice the global average, and this is effectively irreversible. Immediately west of the Columbia Mountains is a large and rugged Interior Plateau, encompassing the Chilcotin and Cariboo regions in central British Columbia (the Fraser Plateau), the Nechako Plateau further north, and also the Thompson Plateau in the south. Canada covers 9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) and a panoply of various geoclimatic regions, of which there are 8 main regions. It is the second largest country (by area) in the world. The French began to settle there in 1541 but an official settlement was not established until 1604. The Churchill River and Saint John River are other important elements of the Atlantic watershed in Canada. The Seven Year’s War, in which England sought to gain more control of the country, then began in 1756. Wollaston Lake lies on the boundary between the Hudson Bay and Arctic Ocean watersheds and drains into both. [61], The northernmost point of land within the boundaries of Canada is Cape Columbia, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut 83°06′40″N 69°58′19″W / 83.111°N 69.972°W / 83.111; -69.972 (Cape Columbia, Nunavut). Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean. In Canada’s far north lies the frozen Arctic. There are six cities in Canada that have a population of over 1 … Forestry has long been a major industry in Canada. In this geography of Canada lesson plan, students locate features such as rivers, lakes, cities, provinces, and more. Boreal forests prevail throughout the country, ice is prominent in northerly Arctic regions and through the Rocky Mountains, and the relatively flat Canadian Prairies in the southwest facilitate productive agriculture. [5] Canada has the longest coastline in the world, with a total length of 243,042 kilometres (151,019 mi);[6] additionally, its border with the United States is the world's longest land border, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi). The first Europeans to reach the country were likely the Vikings and it is believed that Norse explorer Leif Eriksson led them to the coast of Labrador or Nova Scotia in 1000 CE. Much of Canada's topography consists of gently rolling hills with rock outcrops because the Canadian Shield, an ancient region with some of the world's oldest known rocks, covers almost half of the country. Air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affects lakes and damages forests. In addition to the French, the English also began exploring Canada for its fur and fish trade and in 1670 established the Hudson's Bay Company. Five per cent of Canada's land area is arable, none of which is for permanent crops. Many of Canada's major ore deposits are associated with Precambrian volcanoes. The largest, and best known, is Sudbury, Ontario. [62], The southernmost point is Middle Island, in Lake Erie, Ontario (41°41′N 82°40′W); the southernmost water point lies just south of the island, on the Ontario–Ohio border (41°40′35″N). A small area of southwestern Saskatchewan is drained by Battle Creek, which empties into the Milk River.[55]. Extensively developed in British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec and Labrador, the many dams have long provided a clean, dependable source of energy. Canada has more lakes than the rest of the world combined. And with the differences in each region, there is a very different accompanying landscape and climate. The Peace, Athabasca and Liard Rivers, as well as Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake (respectively the largest and second largest lakes wholly enclosed by Canada) are significant elements of the Arctic watershed. Since the end of the Cold War, there has been growing speculation that Canada's Arctic maritime claims may become increasingly important if global warming melts the ice enough to open the Northwest Passage. 12:58. Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west; to the north lies the Arctic Ocean. [2] By total area (including its waters), Canada is the second-largest country in the world, after Russia. The most recent was in 1995 but it failed by a vote of 50.6% to 49.4%. While Canada's crude oil deposits are fewer, technological developments in recent decades have opened up oil production in Alberta's Oil Sands to the point where Canada now has some of the largest reserves of oil in the world. Notable mountains in the Appalachians include Mount Jacques-Cartier (Quebec, 1,268 m or 4,160 ft), Mount Carleton (New Brunswick, 817 m or 2,680 ft), The Cabox (Newfoundland, 814 m or 2,671 ft).

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